Appendicitis refers to inflammatory situation of the appendix, which is a finger like tiny organ attached to the colon and located in the correct lower abdominal region. It is a vestigial organ which serves no function. It is very significant to be conscious approximately appendicitis since it is a medical emergency.
Appendicitis: Incidence, age and sex-
Appendicitis can arise in any individual but is more often seen in children and youth adults. No gender predilection has been documented yet.
Signs and symptoms of appendicitis: Diagnosis-
The clinical qualities of appendicitis are classic and thus simple to identify. An individual with inflamed and swollen appendix might complain of sudden onset of excruciating ache in tummy. In some instances, ache might be so severe that it might wake a person from sleep. The ache might be localized to the area around navel initially but might spread to correct lower abdominal area later. This feature presentation of ache is seen in most of the individuals with appendicitis. ache might be linked with nausea, vomiting, inability to pass gas. At times, patients might also have low grade fever. It is advisable to communicate the hospital instantly whether one experiences such symptoms. The treating surgeon after taking a fast medical history and physical exam might feedback for ultrasonography or CT scan to to set up the diagnosis.
Causes and prevention of appendicitis-
Several factors might lead to occlusion of lumen of appendix, which result in its swelling and inflammation. This might happen due to presence of any foreign body like micro organisms in appendix. Occasionally farces though passing through colon might get diverted to appendix, thereby clogging it. Furthermore definite inflammatory diseases like Ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s sickness might also predispose to appendicitis. Very rarely a tumour in tummy might press upon appendix and constrict its lumen, thereby triggering appendicitis. occasionally no underlying cause leading to appendicitis is detected.