The bunion is predominantly a female pathology, and is more mature or old age. The bunion is a deformity characterized by the first finger, just the big toe, which involves a lateral deviation of the phalanx. Typically, this deformity is also accompanied by a painful swelling of the inside of the foot, the “onion “, ie inflammation from rubbing against the shoe. hallux valgus deformity is often associated with flatfoot Because the reduced curvature of the plant leads to overload the front foot, and may cause, in addition to skin lesions, even deformation in the second and third finger.
The cause of hallux valgus can be congenital, with a tendency to develop growth in the age or experience, as in inflammatory, infectious or traumatic. In the latter case, the patterns of inappropriate footwear to the physiology of the foot, eg shoes with high heels or narrow toe play a key role.
The excessively high heels for the foot in an unnatural position, shortening the Achilles tendon. In this way the whole weight, in fact, increases the burden on a smaller area than the complete plant, which is to take up a position rotated inward.
The first suggestion, then, for those suffering from this disease is to use suitable footwear. These are shoes that reflect and support the natural shape of the foot, and are able to provide support to arch. These kinds of shoes have a smooth and seamless upper and a flexible sole underneath the toes, as do most athletic footwear.
Then, if you do not want to give up the heel, the important thing is not more than four to five centimeters. Even flip-flops are not recommended, as too flat and not able to provide support and containment to the foot, which might more easily impact or slipping.
To prevent the union, the specialist can also suggest esthetics or orthopedic shoes or recommend physical therapy interventions. In some cases, to solve the problem permanently, we must resort to surgery. The most frequent type of intervention is called Percutaneous astronomy distal. This is a surgery performed in day hospital. Anesthesia is practiced in isolated limb for which the patient can walk again on the same day wearing a special shoe that will take a month or so.